According to the constitution, the Roman Catholic church is the national church of Liechtenstein. As such, it enjoys the complete protection of the state. Following a recommendation by the Prince, efforts are currently underway to separate the church and state. However, the relationship between the two is often complex, particularly when it comes to ownership of land and property. A commission has been set up in order to reach a compromise.
As of 20 December 2012, every Liechtenstein citizen aged 14 years and over is free to choose his/her religious belief without the approval of a parent or guardian. In 2010, 79.9% of the population were Roman Catholic, 8.5% were Evangelical and 5.4% were Islamic. Until 1997, Liechtenstein belonged to the diocese of Chur. Following opposition from Christians in this diocese to the bishop Wolfgang Haas from Liechtenstein, the Pope created the archbishopric of Vaduz. Wolfgang Haas became archbishop in Vaduz, with the St Florin parish church in Vaduz being raised to the status of a cathedal church.
The Principality is home to two small Protestant churches that are organised as an association. One of these is Evangelical and the other Evangelical Lutheran. The Islamic community does not have an official mosque or an official cemetery in Liechtenstein, though efforts are underway to change this.