Today, Liechtenstein's state administration is made up of 46 bodies, including 19 Offices. Most of these are controlled by the government. Liechtenstein's position as a sovereign state is one of the reasons for the size of its administration. The country is among the best in the world when it comes to eGovernment, with the electronic tax form particularly popular among the citizens.
Until the early 19th century Liechtenstein's administration was run by the "Oberamt", which in around 1800 comprised the Provincial Governor ("Landvogt"), Steward ("Rentmeister") responsible for finances, Clerk ("Amtsschreiber") and Messenger ("Amtsbote") as well as a number of servants. Early records also exist of a national doctor ("Landesphysikus") who received waiting pay. From 1809 a land register clerk was appointed to run the newly created land register. The persons representing Liechtenstein at the Confederations (Confederation of the Rhine and German Confederation) were also considered members of the administration. Hunting and forestry were of particular importance to the Court Chancellery in Vienna, with the Forest Office and Forestry Office created in 1840. A police force comprising three or four policemen was established in the middle of the 19th century.
The new constitutions in 1862 and 1921 also brought changes to the state administration. The 1921 constitution gave the government power over the entire state administration (with the exception of the education system). The government was also able to supplement the small civil service (including the Government Secretary, treasury management, etc.) with paid experts.
Until 1945 there were very few personnel changes in the state administration; during the Second World War most changes were to areas of responsibility. But after 1945 the state administration grew quickly, with staff also required to test and implement new technologies designed to increase administrative efficiency. There are currently 19 Offices under government control, with 27 Departments and other bodies also forming part of the national administration system. Modern sovereign states are expected to provide an increasing number of services to its citizens and to other states. Considering how small Liechtenstein is, the size of the state administration seems disproportionate. However, it is absolutely necessary. Liechtenstein's size also brings benefits, including fast and flexible eGovernment services. Indeed, Liechtenstein is among the world's leading countries when it comes to eGovernment.