The Government is Liechtenstein's highest executive authority. It is a collegial body comprising the Prime Minister and four Ministers. The government reports to both the parliament and the Prince. The Government is appointed by the Prince following a proposal by the parliament. Its seat is in the capital Vaduz.
The development of government in Liechtenstein is closely linked to the country's constitutional history. The government as an executive body was first introduced by the 1862 constitution, though at the time it comprised only a "Government Chairman" (today the Prime Minister) appointed by the Prince. Through the introduction of the government as an executive body in 1862, the "Oberamt" (from 1848 "Regierungsamt") was usurped. The education system (school system) was, however, not run by the government but by the National Education Council ("Landesschulrat") until 1972. The government was originally composed of the Administrator ("Landesverweser") and two part-time "District Administrators" ("Landräte"). A Secretary fulfilled the role of government clerk. The head of government was the District Administrator, who was nominated for an indefinite period of time. Most of the District Administrators were experts in administration from Austria, including many members of the nobility. Appeals could be submitted to the Court Chancellor. In 1921 the new constitution ended the reign of the District Administrators as a result of increasing pressure from the people, in particular the People's Party, following the putsch in November 1918. The consensus among the population was that they wanted one of their own, a Liechtensteiner, as head of government.
Those demands were more or less met in the 1921 constitution. Until 1965 the government was composed of the Prime Minister and two Ministers. Since then there have been five members of government: the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and three Ministers. In 1993 the first female member was appointed.