Liechtenstein's national police force was originally created in 1932 as the Princely Liechtenstein Security Corps ("Fürstlich Liechtensteinisches Sicherheitskorps"). It today comprises 120 employees, 80 of whom are trained police officers. The national police force is responsible for all matters relating to the safety and security of Liechtenstein and its population. The main departments are the Security and Traffic Division and the Criminal Investigation Division. They are supported by a range of Executive Support Divisions.
The term "police" was originally used to refer to the whole administrative system in Liechtenstein (with the exception of the courts) and more generally to a situation in which public bodies were being run "in order". A "Landsbrauch", an early legal document, from the 17th century contains a "Policey-Ordnung", and in 1732 a "Policey- und Landesordnung" was introduced for the Principality of Liechtenstein.
Towards the end of the 18th century the term assumed a new meaning. From 1843 the police was only responsible for safety, security and good order. Its task was to protect the honour, freedom and property of the citizens. This responsibility of the state is also set out in the 1921 constitution.
The "F. L. Sicherheitskorps", founded in 1933 and supported by "auxiliary police officers" from 1937 onwards, was renamed "Landespolizei" ("National Police") in 1989. Its original areas of responsibility were extended (e.g. INTERPOL) and enlarged. Today, the police are not only responsible for safety and security but also for preventative measures (campaigns, awareness raising in schools, etc.). An increasing number of staff have been assigned in recent years to the area of economic crime.
Fire department: 118
International emergency: 112
Air rescue: 1414
Jules Hoch joined the Liechtenstein National Police as a career changer. In this interview, the Police Chief talks about the shortage of policewomen, the most common crimes and why Liechtenstein is one of the world's safest countries.