Liechtenstein composer and teacher Josef Gabriel Rheinberger (18391901) enjoyed great fame during his lifetime. His music was performed in some of the finest auditoriums in the world. While living in Munich he taught more than 600 music students from many different countries.
At the tender age of seven he played the church organ in his hometown of Vaduz. In 1851, aged twelve, he went to Munich to started studying music at the Royal Conservatorium. His talent quickly became clear as he wrote numerous works and soon outperformed his fellow students. At the age of 19 he was employed by the Conservatorium to teach piano and later organ and composition, a position he retained until shortly before his death. He was among the world's leading lecturers in composition. His pupils included Engelbert Humperdinck, Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari and Wilhelm Furtwängler.
Rheinberger's works include piano and organ music, church and secular choral music, solo songs, chamber music, symphonies, concert overtures and music for theatre and opera. He was one of the most successful composers of his time.
In 1877 he acted as court conductor for King Ludwig II of Bavaria. This gave Rheinberger a central position within Catholic church music in Germany. His success is reflected in the many prizes and awards he received, including an honorary doctorate from the University of Munich. The house where he was born, the "Rheinbergerhaus" in Vaduz, today houses the Liechtenstein Music School.