The resolution now decided will see the creation of a task force within the UN. This task force will collect documents and evidence of war crimes, crimes against humanity or genocide. The information should then later serve as a foundation for potential criminal proceedings, announced a statement. The UN must now outline the conditions of the independent mechanism for investigation within 20 days.
According to a statement from the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the adoption of the proposal is an “important political signal for the observance of human rights and humanitarian international law, as well as the fight against impunity.” The motion was initiated by Liechtenstein.
Liechtenstein’s UN ambassador Christian Wenaweser presented a case to the General Assembly for the motion based on the inaction of the UN Security Council. On 9th December in New York he said in a speech: “It is therefore imperative that the General Assembly steps in and enables the international community to at least take one decisive step forward in this respect: to prepare files that can serve as the basis for criminal proceedings in a court or tribunal that may in the future be able to exercise jurisdiction.”
Switzerland had also previously submitted a similar initiative. However, the international community of states has not yet been able to agree on such an establishment or corresponding process.
Liechtenstein’s motion has now been supported by 105 countries. 15 countries have voted against it, and 52 have abstained.